the management of the migratory phenomenon by Europe has two consequences: one concerns the funds available for the management of flows that press from the South of the world; the other that of the rules to establish who has the right to receive asylum and who not, and especially those who must accommodate new arrivals. In both cases Italy has a priority interest, also by virtue of its geographical position as a hinge country between Old Europe and Africa.
THE POST-BREXIT EUROPEAN BUDGET 02 May 2018
EU budget, cuts to agriculture and cohesion. No funds for those who do not respect the rules
The two games with important consequences for Italy
The two games in which Italy plays everything have a name and surname: that for the new EU budget 2021-2027, a requirement that arises from the exit of the United Kingdom from the Union, and that for the modification of the Dublin regulation in asylum right, which considers the state where the applicant has entered the Union to be competent for the examination of the migrant’s request. Countries bordering the Mediterranean Sea can hardly cope with the influx of irregular migrants by sea.
The post-Brexit EU budget is fundamental for the next Italian government
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More funds for migrants but worries about cutting cohesion and CAP funds
The European Commission’s proposal on the new EU budget, presented today to the European Parliament by President Jean Claude Juncker, provides for cuts of about 5% to EU cohesion funds and CAP, the common agricultural policy, but sees more than doubled or almost resources for migrants (2.6 times more than the funds now available). The proposal to increase funds for the management of migrants is in the interest of Italy, which has been claiming more aid from other European countries for years, without obtaining them. But there is also the other side of the coin: the country fears for the volume of available European funds and the consequences of cuts in the agricultural sector. A cut in 5% cohesion funds would cost Italy € 3.8 billion if the current share allocated to our country is maintained, equal to € 76.1 billion deriving from the four structural and investment funds to which it has access. In the Commission proposal, the reception of migrants enters the criteria for the distribution of EU funds.
EU budget, Castaldo (M5S): focus on own resources to compensate for the Brexit hole
The negotiations on the new budget will start immediately. The package must be approved unanimously by the States of the Union. The aim is to reach an agreement before the end of the legislature next spring, that is, before the EU summit on 9 May 2019.
EU BUDGET 02 May 2018
Investments and reforms, two new funds for the Eurozone
More balanced management of asylum applications
The other game is that of the modification of the Dublin regulation. Now that the negotiations on the Bulgarian rotating presidency of the European Council are coming to the fore, Italy, Greece, Malta, Cyprus and Spain have sent a joint statement to the EU partners and the European Commission. In particular, it is requested “that the efforts of the countries in the front line for the control of external EU borders subject to migratory pressure and for search and rescue at sea are recognized within the regulation” and lead “to alleviate the procedural weights ». The thirteen points of the document also highlight the need to “reduce the permanent responsibility” of the Member State of first entry for the migrant to a maximum of two years, compared to the ten envisaged by the Bulgarian Presidency’s proposal. The text of the proposal, started in mid-January, is entrusted to the “Friends of the Presidency for the Strategic Committee on Migration, Frontiers and Asylum (Scifa)”, a dedicated group representing the 28 EU countries. The goal is to arrive at a discussion on the text, at ministerial level, at the EU Internal Council in early June, to be held in Luxembourg.